Member research: What does it mean if ‘gender’ is statistically significant?

What does it mean if ‘gender’ is statistically significant? Why we can’t interpret our results using the measures ‘man/woman’.

Abstract: This paper advances the following arguments: 1) statistical analyses that categorise participants as male or female produce statistical results that are conceptually unclear and therefore empirically imprecise; 2) the causal mechanisms at work when the sex/gender variable is statistically significant are unclear and under-theorized; 3) exploratory empirical research indicates the inclusion of both gendered attitudes and a sex variable has complex effects on the statistical significance of the sex variable, therefore inclusion of gendered attitudes measures are important to gain a better understanding from where sex and gender based variation comes. Using these exploratory results, I propose a different answer to the question first investigated by Pippa Norris. Whilst Norris found no evidence for the existence of an ideological ‘gender gap‘, my analysis has shown that such a gap does exist.There is a gender gap when measures of gender are included in the analysis, but there is (still) not an ideological sex gap in British men‘s and women‘s political attitudes.

About psawomenpolitics

The UK Political Studies Association Women and Politics Specialist Group. Resource for researchers working on women and/or gender and for women in the PSA. The 2014 Specialist Group of the Year.
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